The Law applies to any type of file or device that is downloaded by your terminal equipment to store data that can be updated and retrieved by the entity responsible for its installation.
A cookie is one of those general purpose files that we will generically call cookies.
Cookies are small text files sent to a browser from a web server.
They log user activity on a website so that this information can be retrieved later while browsing the different connected pages. to the server that installed them.
Cookies generally store technical information, personal preferences, content personalization, usage statistics, links to social networks, access to user accounts, etc.
Types of Cookies
Next, cookies are classified based on a series of categories. However, keep in mind that the same cookie can be included in more than one category.
According to the entity that manages them
Own cookies: are those sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the editor and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
Third-party cookies: those sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through cookies.
If cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the publisher, but the information collected by them is managed by a third party, they will not be considered as their own cookies.
According to the length of time they remain activated
According to the period of time they remain activated in the terminal equipment, we can distinguish:
Session Cookies: These are types of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are generally used to store information that is only of interest to maintain for the provision of the service requested by the user on a single occasion (for example, a list of purchased products).
Persistent cookies: are a type of cookie in which data is still stored on the terminal and can be accessed adosand processed for a period defined by the person responsible for the cookie and which can vary from a few minutes to several years.
According to the purpose
Depending on the purpose for which data obtained through cookies is processed, we may distinguish between:
Technical cookies: are those that allow the user to browse a web page, platform or application and use different options or existing services, such as, for example, controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing access pieces restricted, remember the elements that make up an order, complete the process of purchasing an order, apply for registration or participation in an event, use security features while browsing, store content for video or sound dissemination, or share content through social networks.
Personalization cookies: are those that allow the user to access the service with some predefined general characteristics, based on a series of criteria in the user’s terminal, such as language, the type of browser through which the service is accessed. , the regional setting from where you access the service, etc.
Analysis cookies: those that allow the person responsible for monitoring and analyzing the behavior of users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookies is used to measure the activity of the websites, applications or platforms and in the preparation of browsing profiles of users of these websites, applications and platforms, in order to improve the analysis of the usage data made. by the users of the service.
Advertising cookies: those that allow you to manage, as efficiently as possible, the advertising spaces that, where appropriate, the publisher has included on a webpage, application or platform from which it provides the requested service based on criteria such as edited content or how often ads are displayed.
Behavioral advertising cookies: are cookies that allow you to manage, as efficiently as possible, the advertising space that, when appropriate, the publisher has included on a web page, application or platform from which it provides the requested service.
These cookies store information about users’ behavior, obtained by continuously observing their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
How to disable cookies in major web browsers
What happens if cookies are not accepted
Rejecting cookies may prevent access to personalized content and services.